Fieldnote on “Riding the wave (Note #85)”

“Riding the wave after Ramadan” was first published in http://ijtima.org/note/85/riding-waves-after-ramadan. It was taken from a speech delivered by Shaykh al-Hadith Mufti Umar Faruq Lawharwi (May Allah almighty raise him in ranks) on the 24 Ramadan 1434 in Madina Masjid (Clapton, London) after Asr (7:35 pm).1

His speaking style is different from the usual orators; his is multi-layered and interconnected. As such concentration is required to find the different messages and remember where one point connects directly with another. Hence, I thought that it may be more appropriate to clip the audio in relevant sections and combine without distortion so that it may be more accessible to the public.

The increase and decrease of Iman

If one ponders, there is another message (among others), one which is relevant to the Alim and the student of Din especially those in the final years studying Bukhari, Muslim and the like. There, an issue is discussed in Kitab al-Iman which queries that, “Does Iman itself increase or decrease?” (هل الإيمان يزيد و ينقص) The ulama are differed on this and many hours are spent trying to resolve it. Hadrat Shaykh Mufti Umar Faruq Sahib (مد فيوضهم) in a span of two minutes quaintly presents an explanation which calms the heart of a novice such as myself.

He explains the nature of the ocean; when there are waves it seems that there is more water but the quantity is actually the same. This is the same with Iman; the actual essence remains the same even though it seems to have increased. Iman increases like the increase of water in waves but the essence is unchanged. Hence, his description account for many of the questions that arise from the relevant Ahadith without arousing controversy or delving into the minutiae in the public sphere. (cf. Fath al-Mulhim as well as the topic relating to Iman Mu’li wa Munji for details).

Muhammad Saifur Rahman Nawhami
London England
29 Ramadan 1434
Wednesday, 7 August 2013

1. Unfortunately, I was not present at the majlis but managed to listen to it as it being broadcast online. Thereafter, Ml. Muzammil Kara kindly forwarded his recording from which I transcribed the relevant section.

Comparing to the bride and groom

Here I shall share some of my notes comparing the difference between the articles ‘To the groom’ and ‘To the bride’.

I wrote the article ‘To the groom’ first. Some female students requested the article so I thought it fair that in the interest of balance I should write one ‘To the bride’. To write the latter, I used the first as a template and changed parts that which I deemed necessary.

Both articles have seven parts. It starts with (1) an introduction in the form of a khutbah. It is followed by three scenarios; (2) there will be disputes amongst you so use shariah to resolve it, (3) there will be dispute amongst you which may seem irresolvable, and (4) there will be dispute amongst you which may persist. It finishes with the (5) highlights of their respective rights, (7) their duty to the new extended families and a (6) conclusion.

The khutbah has the same format but different qualities are emphasised. The husbands are reminded that Allah almighty is merciful and kind, the prophet is a mercy and kind, and the sahabah were devoted. The wives are reminded that Allah almighty is compassionate and appreciative, the prophet is a favour, and the sahabah were content. Men and women have different psyche and as such are reminded of the respective relevant qualities. The basic message to the husband is don’t be mean and the message to the wife is don’t be unthankful.

In the issue of resolving their dispute with the shariah as judge, they are reminded that the objective is to help each other but the man is warned against quenching his anger and the woman against quenching her annoyance. This is accompanied with an address to reducing the challenges arising from their respective roles. In terms of disputes which seem irresolvable, the husband is advised to share and talk to the wife and not shut her out whilst the wife is advised to be patient and not be incessant. The advice for the third scenario where they are faced with the irresolvable difference is the same for the husband and wife.

Naturally the part relating to the rights of the husband and wife is somewhat different but the inspiration is largely from one source – the final sermon of the prophet of Allah (صلي الله عليه و سلم) during the farewell pilgrimage. The message relating to the in-laws is the same in that they should be respectful to each other’s relatives whilst recognising the differences in their respective roles. The conclusion is the same for both.

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Muhammad Saifur Rahman Nawhami
3 Jumada II 1434
14 April 2013

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[Cite key: 130414501]

Fieldnote on ijtima – Issue 101

Here is a brief background on the first edition of ijtima (issue 101) which can be read at ijtima.org.

The main theme of the edition is sincerity. The message is, “Dear students, the first lesson [is to] create weight in your actions”. Ironically, this edition actually was the last message given to those graduating from their studies. I wanted to allude to the concept of istiqamat with the point that the beginning and the end is same and hence they were on a straight line (صراط مستقيم). As a subtext, I wanted one message which will suffice for which I turned to the hadith in which a Sahabi asked the prophet (صلي الله عليه و سلم) give me an advice after which I will not need another. The prophet (صلي الله عليه و سلم) said, “قل لا اله الا فاستقم” (Say, there is none worthy of worship and stand firm).

It comprises of three articles, (1) Dear students…, (2) The first lesson, and (3) Create weight in your action. The first article was written on 13 Sha’ban 1432 AH (13 July 2011 CE) as a parting advice to graduates finishing their Alimah course. The second article was a speech I gave at a Khatm Bukhari graduation ceremony on 15 Sha’ban 1432 (15 July 2011). The third article is a translation of a segment from the lesson given by Shaykh al-Islam Mufti Taqi Usmani during that ceremony. It highlights the possible dangers of the path for those who may have succeeded.

I present this set to students at the beginning and end of their study to plot their journey. ‘Dear students…‘ sets out the path for those seeking the pleasure of Allah. ‘The first lesson‘ highlights the dangers of falling from the path. ‘Create weight in your action‘ highlights the dangers of overshooting the path. The key is balance (istiqamat).

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Muhammad Saifur Rahman Nawhami
14 Zul Qa’da 1432
16 November 2011

Cite key: 111116501