The purpose of presenting this calender is primarily for administrative purposes and not adherence. There is no doubt amongst the authoritative ulama that the new month is determined by sighting of the new moon rather than pre-calculation. At present, I do not wish wade into the argument as to when and how sighting should happen. Suffice, it to say the calender presented is subject to change by a margin of one to two days.
|Event||Islamic date||English date|
|Ashurah||10 Muharram 1435||13 November 2014|
|Ramadan||Ramadan 1435||28 June 2014 - 27 July 2014|
|Eid al-Fitr||1 Shawwal 1435||28 July 2014|
|Arafah||9 Dhul Qa'dah 1435||3th October 2014|
|Eid al-Adha||10 Dhul Qa'dah 1435||4th October 2014|
1435 AH (1 Muharram) according to the pre-calculation should have started on 4 November 2013, however, actual start was announced to be the 5 November. It is predicted to end on 24 October 2014.
Historic events are many but comparatively only a few need practical consideration in planning. The fasting of the 13, 14 and 15 (Ayyam Bidh) of every month is proven. However, due to its frequency the actual dates in the Gregorian calender will need to be determined month on month pending observation. The 10th of Muharram (Ashurah) is set to be on Thursday, 13 November 2013.
Ramadan is expected to start on Saturday, 28 June 2014 (variable between Thurs 26th and Mon 30th June); approximately, 26 days before the summer holidays. Pending 29 or 30 days it is expected to end on Sunday, 27 July with a two day margin of error.
The earliest Eid al-Fitr may be is on the 24th, 27th, 28th, 29th or 30th July with Monday, 28th July being the tentative day. Eid al-Adha is expected on Sat 4th October 2014 with also a possibility of it falling on the 2nd (Thurs), 3th (Fri), 5th (Sun) and 6th (Mon). The nine days before Eid al-Adha including Arafah naturally precede it.
In the northern hemisphere, the shortest day of the year is expected to be on 18 Safar (21 Dec) whilst the longest day is on 23 Sha'ban (21 June). Muharram and Safar until the 17th (20 Dec) are in autumn. 18th Safar to the 18th Jumada I is in winter. 19th Jumada I (20 March) until 21th Sha'ban is in spring. 22th Sha'ban (21 Jun) until the 26 Dhul Qa'dah is in Summer. 27 Dhul Qa'dah (22 Sept) till the end of the Islamic year is in autumn.
Muhammad Saifur Rahman Nawhami
5 Muharram 1435 (after Maghrib)
8 November 2013
Addendum: Please see the ICOUK for the UK local pre-calculated calender